Oil and gas as instruments of foreign policy: The case of Russia

Just as oil constituted an important factor in the collapse of the USSR, today the energy resources Russia counts with are the political-economic weapons on which this country seeks to reposition in the international arena. Russia not only promotes the end of the unipolar world, but also intends to...

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Autor principal: Castro, Julissa
Formato: Artículo (Article)
Idioma:Español (Spanish)
Publicado: Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú 2014
Materias:
Acceso en línea:http://revistas.pucp.edu.pe/index.php/cienciapolitica/article/view/11896
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author Castro, Julissa
author_facet Castro, Julissa
author_sort Castro, Julissa
collection Portal revistas
coutry_str Perú
description Just as oil constituted an important factor in the collapse of the USSR, today the energy resources Russia counts with are the political-economic weapons on which this country seeks to reposition in the international arena. Russia not only promotes the end of the unipolar world, but also intends to become a major power in the twenty first century. In order to achieve this, Kremlin has as a goal the reestablishment of its influence in the post-soviet space and ensure their relative power as a main supplier of gas against the Europe Union. To do this, they are using energy cooperation agreements with clear political overtones, even a more aggres- sive diplomacy, such as oil or gas cuts to countries that deviate from their sphere of political interest.
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spelling ojs-article-118962023-05-13T06:31:48Z Oil and gas as instruments of foreign policy: The case of Russia El petróleo y el gas como instrumentos de política exterior: el caso de Rusia O petróleo e o gás como instrumentos da política externa: o caso da Russa Castro, Julissa Energy Russia oil gas Geopolitics of Oil realism Energy policy energía Rusia petróleo gas geopolítica del petróleo realismo política energética Energia Rússia petróleo gás geopolítica do petróleo realismo política energética Just as oil constituted an important factor in the collapse of the USSR, today the energy resources Russia counts with are the political-economic weapons on which this country seeks to reposition in the international arena. Russia not only promotes the end of the unipolar world, but also intends to become a major power in the twenty first century. In order to achieve this, Kremlin has as a goal the reestablishment of its influence in the post-soviet space and ensure their relative power as a main supplier of gas against the Europe Union. To do this, they are using energy cooperation agreements with clear political overtones, even a more aggres- sive diplomacy, such as oil or gas cuts to countries that deviate from their sphere of political interest. Así como el petróleo constituyó un factor importante en el desmembramiento de la URSS, actualmente los recursos energéticos con los que cuenta Rusia son las armas políticas-económicas sobre las cuales este país busca reposicionarse en la arena internacional. Rusia no solo fomenta el fin del mundo unipolar, sino que busca ser una de las principales potencias en este siglo xxi. Para lograrlo, el Kremlin tiene como meta el restablecimiento de su influencia en el espacio post-soviético y asegurar su poder relativo como principal abastecedor de gas frente a la Unión Europea. Para ello, viene valiéndose de acuerdos de cooperación energética con claros visos políticos, hasta de una diplomacia más agresiva, como el corte de petróleo o gas a los países que se alejan de su esfera de interés político. Assim como o petróleo constitui um fator importante no desmembramento da URSS, naatualidade os recursos energéticos que tem a Rússia são as armas político-econômicas sobre as quais este país procura voltar na posição do cenário internacional. A Rússia não só promove o final do mundo unipolar, senão procura ser uma das principais potencias neste século XXI. Para consegui-lo, o Kremlin tem como objetivo o restabelecimento da sua influência no espaço pós-soviético e garantir seu poder relativo mesmo principal fornecedor do gás ao frente da União Europeia. Para lograr isso, tem convênios de cooperação energética com claros aspectos políticos, há duma diplomacia mais agressiva, como o de petróleo ou gás aos países que afas-tassem da sua esfera do interesse político. Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú 2014-04-20 info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion application/pdf http://revistas.pucp.edu.pe/index.php/cienciapolitica/article/view/11896 Revista de Ciencia Política y Gobierno; Vol. 1 Núm. 1 (2014); 131-144 2313-304X 2411-6378 spa http://revistas.pucp.edu.pe/index.php/cienciapolitica/article/view/11896/12465 Derechos de autor 2016 Revista de Ciencia Política y Gobierno http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
spellingShingle Energy
Russia
oil
gas
Geopolitics of Oil
realism
Energy policy
energía
Rusia
petróleo
gas
geopolítica del petróleo
realismo
política energética
Energia
Rússia
petróleo
gás
geopolítica do petróleo
realismo
política energética
Castro, Julissa
Oil and gas as instruments of foreign policy: The case of Russia
title Oil and gas as instruments of foreign policy: The case of Russia
title_alt El petróleo y el gas como instrumentos de política exterior: el caso de Rusia
O petróleo e o gás como instrumentos da política externa: o caso da Russa
title_full Oil and gas as instruments of foreign policy: The case of Russia
title_fullStr Oil and gas as instruments of foreign policy: The case of Russia
title_full_unstemmed Oil and gas as instruments of foreign policy: The case of Russia
title_short Oil and gas as instruments of foreign policy: The case of Russia
title_sort oil and gas as instruments of foreign policy: the case of russia
topic Energy
Russia
oil
gas
Geopolitics of Oil
realism
Energy policy
energía
Rusia
petróleo
gas
geopolítica del petróleo
realismo
política energética
Energia
Rússia
petróleo
gás
geopolítica do petróleo
realismo
política energética
topic_facet Energy
Russia
oil
gas
Geopolitics of Oil
realism
Energy policy
energía
Rusia
petróleo
gas
geopolítica del petróleo
realismo
política energética
Energia
Rússia
petróleo
gás
geopolítica do petróleo
realismo
política energética
url http://revistas.pucp.edu.pe/index.php/cienciapolitica/article/view/11896
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AT castrojulissa elpetroleoyelgascomoinstrumentosdepoliticaexteriorelcasoderusia
AT castrojulissa opetroleoeogascomoinstrumentosdapoliticaexternaocasodarussa