The «Islamic State»: The Path to The Self-Proclamation of a Contemporary Caliphate

In only two years, since proclaimed it-self as a «Califate», the Islamic State has experienced an accelerated ideological, territorial and cybernetic expansion, which has led to a wave of bloody sectarian violence against non-Sunni populations. In a short time, it has managed to control large areas...

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Autor principal: Rooney, Mildred
Formato: Artículo (Article)
Idioma:Español (Spanish)
Publicado: Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú 2016
Materias:
Acceso en línea:http://revistas.pucp.edu.pe/index.php/agendainternacional/article/view/15276
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author Rooney, Mildred
author_facet Rooney, Mildred
author_sort Rooney, Mildred
collection Portal revistas
coutry_str Perú
description In only two years, since proclaimed it-self as a «Califate», the Islamic State has experienced an accelerated ideological, territorial and cybernetic expansion, which has led to a wave of bloody sectarian violence against non-Sunni populations. In a short time, it has managed to control large areas in Iraq and Syria where runs a political-religious administration founded on fundamentalist interpretation of the sharia. The characteristics of its organization, methodsand objectives obscure its understanding, and therefore also the design of strategies for efficient combating. This article intends to understand the genesis and expansion of this nonstate actor, its administrative and military capabilities, and self-financing; also, determine its strategy and factors that explain «media success»; explain its hybrid nature; and finally discuss the implications of its emergence in the regional dynamics, characterised by political and religiousrivalry between the representatives of the Sunni faction, Turkey and Saudi Arabia; and Shi’ite Iran. In this context convulsed by terrorism, insurgency, and the struggle for regional leadership, the Kurdish nation could find the conditions to achieve Kurdistan.
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spelling ojs-article-152762020-03-05T18:57:51Z The «Islamic State»: The Path to The Self-Proclamation of a Contemporary Caliphate El «Estado Islámico»: la ruta a la autoproclamación de un califato contemporáneo Rooney, Mildred Islamic State new wars terrorism insurgency Turkey Iran Irak Saudi Arabia Kurds Estado Islámico nuevas guerras terrorismo insurgencia Turquía Irán Iraq Arabia Saudita kurdos In only two years, since proclaimed it-self as a «Califate», the Islamic State has experienced an accelerated ideological, territorial and cybernetic expansion, which has led to a wave of bloody sectarian violence against non-Sunni populations. In a short time, it has managed to control large areas in Iraq and Syria where runs a political-religious administration founded on fundamentalist interpretation of the sharia. The characteristics of its organization, methodsand objectives obscure its understanding, and therefore also the design of strategies for efficient combating. This article intends to understand the genesis and expansion of this nonstate actor, its administrative and military capabilities, and self-financing; also, determine its strategy and factors that explain «media success»; explain its hybrid nature; and finally discuss the implications of its emergence in the regional dynamics, characterised by political and religiousrivalry between the representatives of the Sunni faction, Turkey and Saudi Arabia; and Shi’ite Iran. In this context convulsed by terrorism, insurgency, and the struggle for regional leadership, the Kurdish nation could find the conditions to achieve Kurdistan. En los dos años que han seguido a su autoproclamación como «califato», el Estado Islámico ha experimentado una acelerada expansión ideológica, territorial y cibernética, que ha acarreado una ola de violencia sectaria sangrienta contra las poblaciones no suníes. En poco tiempo, ha conseguido controlar extensas áreas en Iraq y Siria donde ejerce una administración político-religiosa fundada en la interpretación fundamentalista de la sharia. Las características de su organización, la multiplicidad de métodos que emplea y los fines que persigue complican su comprensión y por consiguiente, también el diseño de estrategias para combatirlo eficientemente. Este artículo se propone comprender la génesis y expansión de este actor no-estatal, sus capacidades administrativas y militares, y de auto-financiamiento; determinarsu estrategia así como los factores que explican su «éxito mediático»; explicar su naturaleza híbrida; y finalmente, discutir las implicancias que la aparición de este grupo yihadista genera en las dinámicas regionales, signadas por la rivalidad político-religiosa entre los representantes por un lado, de la facción suní Turquía y Arabia Saudita; y del otro, el Irán chií. En este contexto convulsionado por el terrorismo, la insurgencia, la pugna por el liderazgo regional con componentes religiosos, la nación kurda podría encontrar las condiciones necesarias para materializar el estado de Kurdistán. Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú 2016-09-23 info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion application/pdf http://revistas.pucp.edu.pe/index.php/agendainternacional/article/view/15276 10.18800/agenda.201601.002 Agenda Internacional; Vol. 23 Núm. 34 (2016); 49-76 2311-5718 1027-6750 spa http://revistas.pucp.edu.pe/index.php/agendainternacional/article/view/15276/15741 Derechos de autor 2016 Agenda Internacional http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
spellingShingle Islamic State
new wars
terrorism
insurgency
Turkey
Iran
Irak
Saudi Arabia
Kurds
Estado Islámico
nuevas guerras
terrorismo
insurgencia
Turquía
Irán
Iraq
Arabia Saudita
kurdos
Rooney, Mildred
The «Islamic State»: The Path to The Self-Proclamation of a Contemporary Caliphate
title The «Islamic State»: The Path to The Self-Proclamation of a Contemporary Caliphate
title_alt El «Estado Islámico»: la ruta a la autoproclamación de un califato contemporáneo
title_full The «Islamic State»: The Path to The Self-Proclamation of a Contemporary Caliphate
title_fullStr The «Islamic State»: The Path to The Self-Proclamation of a Contemporary Caliphate
title_full_unstemmed The «Islamic State»: The Path to The Self-Proclamation of a Contemporary Caliphate
title_short The «Islamic State»: The Path to The Self-Proclamation of a Contemporary Caliphate
title_sort «islamic state»: the path to the self-proclamation of a contemporary caliphate
topic Islamic State
new wars
terrorism
insurgency
Turkey
Iran
Irak
Saudi Arabia
Kurds
Estado Islámico
nuevas guerras
terrorismo
insurgencia
Turquía
Irán
Iraq
Arabia Saudita
kurdos
topic_facet Islamic State
new wars
terrorism
insurgency
Turkey
Iran
Irak
Saudi Arabia
Kurds
Estado Islámico
nuevas guerras
terrorismo
insurgencia
Turquía
Irán
Iraq
Arabia Saudita
kurdos
url http://revistas.pucp.edu.pe/index.php/agendainternacional/article/view/15276
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AT rooneymildred elestadoislamicolarutaalaautoproclamaciondeuncalifatocontemporaneo
AT rooneymildred islamicstatethepathtotheselfproclamationofacontemporarycaliphate